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#21 LLHOST INC.

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Posted 13 August 2022 - 10:26 AM

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Public Wi-Fi: Top 5 threats and 10 protection methods.
 
In our previous post, we shared the dangers that free hosting presents to our projects. To continue the same topic, let's talk about public Wi-Fi. What threats and risks are involved, and how can you protect your device?
 
Yes, we are used to the fact that public wireless Internet is everywhere: in any coffee house and shopping mall, airport, hotel and even on the street. ESET research shows that 74% of respondents use Wi-Fi hotspots without considering their security. And interception of traffic at such points can easily be done. Personal information, digital identification data, including banking ones, are at risk.
 
What makes public Wi-Fi dangerous?
The primary vulnerability is that while using a public network, your traffic is not protected. That creates numerous "loopholes" for attackers. We'll talk more in today's article.
 
Threat 1. "Evil twins" - fake hotspots.
When connected to Wi-Fi, you may not notice that you are using a "parallel" network with a similar name, imitating only a legitimate one. These hotspots are known as "Evil Twins" used for the theft of personal data and credentials and unauthorized access to internal networks is made.
 
Threat 2: Cloned websites.
Similar to a fake Wi-Fi access point, there is a risk of entering a "clone" site. This kind of scam is called DNS spoofing. Instead of the URL entered, you are actually redirected to a website that can look exactly like the original and your traffic is redirected to a third-party server. So, without any suspicions, you can willingly transfer personal data to attackers.
 
Threat 3: Infected devices of other users.
You may have taken care of your device's security, but all guarantees come to nothing if you connect to a public hotspot. Gadgets of users from the same Wi-Fi network can be infected with various viruses, worms and other malware that puts your device at risk of infection and/or loss of personal data, even if you have antivirus software.
 
Threat 4. The risk of stealing passwords.
According to LogMeIn statistics, 59% of users set the same password to access accounts on different services for ease of use. It represents a threat not only to personal security on the network, but also to family and friends. With your universal password, attackers actually get the keys to your life and can use them for various purposes: from correspondence on your behalf on social media to money transactions from your personal bank client account (mentioned in the previous article).
 
Threat 5. MITM vulnerability (“Man in the middle”).
“Man in the middle” is an attacker who interferes with the data transfer protocol. During a MITM attack, communication between the parties is intercepted (normally within the reception range of a wireless access point) and then relayed to the counterparties. An attacker may steal the identity of each endpoint, or remain an intermediary host, deleting or corrupting information.
 
How to protect yourself when connecting to public Wi-Fi?
Refusing to use public Wi-Fi in the modern world is hardly possible. Following these guidelines can help reduce safety risks.
 
1. Use public Wi-Fi only when necessary. All important operations requiring authentication and the entry of other private information should be performed only through a secure and reliable access point.
2. Disable the automatic Wi-Fi connection and select the networks manually. Thus, your device will not be constantly scanning for a familiar network, and attackers will be unable to connect the device to their network without your awareness (see paragraph on "Evil Twins").
3. Make sure that the devices you use to connect to a public Wi-Fi network are protected by antivirus software. Don't forget to update it on a regular basis, because if you force updates to be installed on a public Wi-Fi network, malware may be installed on your devices.
4. Check the legitimacy of the wireless connection. Whatever network you connect to, always check the Wi-Fi access point information (network name and password or IP address).
5. Always mark your connection to public Wi-Fi as "Public Network". This will prevent your device from sharing files or other sensitive information with others in the network, which will decrease the risk of malware infection from its "holder".
6. Use a VPN. Private VPN servers from LLHOST INC. create a secure and encrypted network connection, taking care of your privacy.
7. Enable Two-Factor Authentication (2FA) for critical resources (bank clients, email, social networks, etc.). This will prevent unauthorized connection to the device.
8. Delete your Wi-Fi connection when you have completed the necessary steps to avoid automatically connecting to a network when you get within reach.
9. Change your passwords once you have used public Wi-Fi networks. The recipe for a strong password is simple: use upper and lower case letters, numerals and special characters.
10. Use the HTTPS data transfer protocol. It supports the security of site operations, the reliability of connections and the protection of data transmission.
 
It's quite difficult to protect yourself from hunters who are deliberately trying to get your bank data. But you should be prepared for any attacks today. Private VPN servers from LLHOST INC. were created to ensure that your personal and business correspondence, instant messenger conversations, online purchases, browser browsing history, etc. were not intercepted or overheard. And we're ready to help and keep it simple! Use promo code #publicwifihowto and get a -12% discount on any Private VPN server from LLHOST INC. for 3 monthly billing periods. The promotion is valid until August 25, 2022, but why wait when you can take action now!


#22 LLHOST INC.

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Posted 19 August 2022 - 01:50 PM

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All you should know about UPTIME.

 

We have mentioned uptime more than once in our publications. And since it is one of the keys when choosing a hosting, let's get into what uptime means, and why the quality of hosting directly depends on it.

 

Uptime is a measure of time an equipment, IT system, or device, has been working and available. It displays the time interval from startup to termination of server functionality for any of the reasons: an error, a reboot, an unplanned shutdown, etc.

 

Idle time of a system is called "downtime". This is the time interval during which the server is unavailable to users.

Server uptime is measured as a percentage of uptime to downtime.

 

The ideal uptime is 100%, which is impossible. Scheduled reboots or other preventive maintenance, as well as emergencies, are reflected in uptime rates. Short interruptions with the server are safe, because problems are diagnosed in an instant and immediately fixed by hoster. So, for example, 99% uptime says that your server will be unavailable for 15 minutes a day (8 hours a month), and 99.9% - 50 minutes a month. Uptime 98% is considered critical (see Free hosting: pitfalls guide). Your server will be unavailable 14 hours a month, which could cause serious problems for web project owners.

 

Low uptime affects search engine optimization especially. It pushes down in search results rankings, since indexing by search robots stops during downtime. Negative results demonstrate PPC ads, posted on the third-party advertising platform, if your resource cannot be achieved. Losses from low uptime affect not only progression of your project, but also earnings. If your resource operates with frequency of crashing, the user will appeal to another one.

 

Make sure your project is available for as much time as possible! Prevent your users from switching to competitors and increase the number of new ones. Choose high-quality and reliable hosting that will ensure the smooth running of your commercial project, as changing hosting to a more stable one will increase the rating of your resource.

 

LLHOST INC. guarantees the maximum server uptime to ensure the successful implementation of any projects. Our uptime rate is currently 99.9%. You can make sure of it when working with virtual (OVS) or VPN servers from LLHOST INC. And promo code #uptime will cut the cost of services by -14%. Apply it before September 2, 2022 to activate the discount for 3 monthly billing periods. Our specialists are always happy to help in our Telegram chat or Ticket system.



#23 LLHOST INC.

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Posted 26 August 2022 - 06:48 PM

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QA environment on a virtual server.


Virtual servers are used nowadays for a variety of tasks, not just in IT, but in many other fields. However, before we can enjoy a software product, an entire team is working on it.


QA is one of the important production stages, for which virtual server is an ideal environment. The virtual QA environment greatly reduces the time spent working on a project because of the following reasons:


1. On a virtual server, you can simultaneously deploy several versions of the same software product, each of which can be run on demand. In this case, you can create an unlimited number of users with certain access rights to server resources.

2. Testing environments deployed on virtual servers also prevent idle time of your own servers when there is no need to use them. All the virtual resources you need are at your disposal without loss of quality.


3. All virtual servers LLHOST INC. are configured with nested virtualization, allowing you to create isolated QA environments that you can easily set up to your needs.


4. Developers can work with the virtual environment without fear of damaging the QA engineer's one.


5. A QA environment on a virtual server is also necessary to calculate the consumption of selected resources without affecting its own capacities.


6. Temporary projects, which require diagnostics of software functionality only, are advisable to deploy in a testing environment, since they will not be used later.


Testing environments based on virtual servers will help speed up the product QA stage with minimal overhead. They can be deployed in the shortest time, being flexible in configurations.


Choose virtual servers (OVS) from LLHOST INC. to arrange a QA environment (and not only), as now we offer a discount of -11%! Apply the promo code #qa when ordering any LLHOST INC. OVS plan, valid til September 9, 2022, for an unlimited number of users.*


* The discount is valid for 3 periods of monthly billing cycle.



#24 LLHOST INC.

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Posted 04 September 2022 - 09:49 AM

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Dedicated IP address: what are the advantages?
 
Today we will talk about the IP address and the benefits of a dedicated IP for safe connection to the network through a VPN server.
 
So, 
What is an IP address?
An IP (Internet Protocol) address is a unique numerical address that identifies a device on the Internet or a local area network. It is regulated by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA).
 
There are two types of Internet addresses: IPv4 and IPv6.
 
What is the difference between IPv4 and IPv6?
IPv4 address is used since 1981 as the most widely accepted. It consists of four numbers from 0 to 255 separated by a dot. Since there can be only 4.3 billion such combinations, and the number of devices with Internet access has passed the 29 billion mark (according to statistics from CISCO, one of the world's largest IT companies), a new type — IPv6 has been developed. It represents eight blocks of letters and numbers separated by colons. The number of such possible combinations is 2128 billion.
 
What is an IP address used for?
All devices connect to the network, with an Internet provider as their bridge. A simplified model of it looks like this: device → provider → Internet. Thanks to IP address, the provider performs data exchange upon users' request.
 
Data from every website is stored on the server. Every server has its own IP address on the worldwide network. Therefore, each website also has its own Internet address, or more, if we are talking about a large portal hosted on several servers.
 
There is no need to remember the IP address to access a specific resource. To do that, the Domain Name System, or DNS, was created. This technology enables the browser to find the IP address by name and upload the website (see our article What is a DNS server).
 
Is a VPN server hiding your IP address?
When you connect to a network via a VPN server, your original IP address is replaced by the IP address for the VPN server, which can be located anywhere in the world. Beyond privacy, VPN servers from LLHOST INC. help improve your online security, as well as protect Internet traffic, by encrypting the data transmitted from your device.
 
What kinds of IP addresses do exist?
According to the assignment method, there are static and dynamic IP addresses.
 
A static IP address is permanently assigned to the user. It does not change with each new connection to the network, being an identifier for a certain network node.
 
Dynamic IP is a temporary address that is assigned to the device throughout the session. Once connected to the network, the user receives one of the addresses available at that time. When connecting afterwards, the device is assigned another address among the available ones.
 
A dynamic IP is characterized by a slower download and upload speed than a static IP address (which is highly discouraged when using a VPN service), with the threat of disconnect, from deceleration to complete shutdown, associated with the assignment of a new free IP.
 
According to the type of location, IP addresses are divided into public and dedicated ones.
 
A public IP address allows multiple users to access the Internet with the same address.
 
Dedicated IP address is a unique IP address which is assigned solely to you. With a dedicated IP, all the benefits of a VPN server are available, such as the interaction of company branches, access to geo-restricted content, mail service protection against blocking due to suspected spam, and much more.
 
What are the benefits of a dedicated IP address?
Secure access to all accounts. Bank clients, online stores, social networks can block your account if you regularly change your IP addresses. Connect to the network through VPN servers from LLHOST INC. for secure transactions.
 
No security checks required. Website security services will be less likely to consider you a robot and offer to fill out a CAPTCHA.
 
Secure remote work. Connect securely to your working network from your home device and continue to operate anonymously with our No-logs Policy.
 
Exclusion from black lists of public IPs. The absence of "neighbors" who can violate the Terms of Use will prevent you from being denied access. Only you can build your reputation online.
 
Protection of IoT devices. Data and settings from home security cameras, smart doorbells and other IoT devices which may collect data will only be available to you, and the opportunity for unauthorized access is minimized.
 
What problems can a dedicated IP address solve?
• Blackmail services if your IP neighbors are spamming. It will also block the Inbox and Mailbox from your asset.
• Sanction blocking of an IP address if neighboring resources are recognized as forbidden and blocked by supervisory structures.
• A DDoS attack against one of the “neighbors” by IP address threatens all resources with a public Internet address.
 
Thus, a dedicated IP address will help avoid many problems caused by users' actions with the same IP.
 
Obtain a dedicated static IP address when connecting to VPN servers from LLHOST INC. in any available location. Use promo code #iptips to enjoy a -12% discount!
Secure your privacy online with complete encrypted connections with LLHOST INC.!
 
Offer terms:
1. The promotion is valid until September 16, 2022.
2. The discount can be applied for 3 monthly payment periods.
3. The promo code is active for an unlimited number of users.


#25 LLHOST INC.

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Posted 11 September 2022 - 06:42 PM

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What is the difference between a server and hosting?
 
Well, formally the term "hosting" is defined as "a service that runs servers connected to the Internet, allowing organizations and individuals to serve content or host services connected to the Internet". It is applied to all hosting services: from shared to dedicated servers.
 
In the informal communication environment, the meaning of "hosting" has become almost synonymous with shared hosting. In this article, we will cover it from an informal point of view. To do this, let's find out the essence of those services in order to have a clear understanding of the capabilities of your own resource.
 
It is known that absolutely all data on the Internet is stored on servers. Each server is a specially configured, powerful physical computer connected to the network 24/7. It can be fully managed by the user as a dedicated server (required for large organizations), or it can contain a certain number of virtual servers. This virtualization technology allows several virtual limited servers to run on one physical server. Each of the virtual servers is assigned a unique IP address. System files on such servers are completely isolated. This provides security at a sufficiently high level and protects against unauthorized access to user resources.
 
Virtual private servers are ideal for high-load resources and show stable performance, even if there is a technical failure on one of the neighboring virtual servers. You can configure the server by yourself, open and close ports, set a privacy policy, and more.
 
Complex managed hosting, such as hybrid (a combination of physical and virtual) can be applied to both dedicated and virtual servers, where the complexity of infrastructure deployment plays a key role.
 
Colocation provides just the Internet connection, constant power and climate control, and system administration is carried out by users.
 
Regarding the hosting, it is the service of providing disk space for hosting websites. All configurations are set up. Site management is implemented intuitive through the control panel’s user account. On the one hand, hosting is easy and simple to manage, and on the other hand, all resources are shared with “neighbors”, disk space and bandwidth are limited.
 
Although technical skills are required to set up a virtual server, this issue can be covered by any control panel that is convenient for you, which will set up your server for hosting.
 
In other words, hosting is a server with shared resources, configured to host and operate websites (with services already installed, such as control panel, mailbox, FTP, etc.). A virtual server, on the other hand, has dedicated resources and can be configured for any task (read more in our blog article 
 
Virtual servers from LLHOST INC. have a lot of advantages:
• Affordable price in the VPS market.
• Guaranteed allocated resources with no additional fees.
• Full access to all server resources.
• Set up flexibility: the ability to install any OP and software.
• Dedicated IP address.
• Projects of other users do not affect the performance of your server.
• Ability to link the required number of domains.
• The security of your server does not depend on "neighbors".
 
Put your commercial project in the best environment! Choose Virtual Server (OVS) from LLHOST INC. and enjoy a -13% discount for 3 months with a monthly billing period. For this, enter the promo code #sharedvsdedic in a special field when ordering any OVS plan from LLHOST INC. till September 23, 2022.
 


#26 LLHOST INC.

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Posted 16 September 2022 - 09:22 PM

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Happy Software Freedom Day!
 
Every year, Software Freedom Day is celebrated on the 3rd Saturday of September. It was initiated by the non-profit organization Software Freedom International. The idea of the celebration is to inform as many users as possible about free software opportunities.
 
What is free software? Free software (FOS) is software that allows users to run software for any purpose, redistribute copies of it, and explore, study, or modify the source code. The most popular FOS today are: GNU and Linux operating systems, Firefox web browser, LibreOffice and OpenOffice office suites, etc.
 
The Free Software Foundation was founded in 1983 by Richard Stallman, creator of the Unix-like free operating system GNU. He always highlights the word "free", accenting that "the real goal of such software is freedom."
 
For the first time, Software Freedom Day was celebrated in 2004. 12 teams of volunteers participated in the event organization. They talked about the advantages of using free software in every sphere of life, with an idea to learn and share what they learned with others. Today, the geography of this event reaches about 100 countries.
 
Initially, the holiday was held on August 28, but in 2006 it was replaced by the third Saturday in September. Every year, participating teams from around the world celebrate Software Freedom Day at the regional level. Local organizers choose the format of the event. So they may differ from region to region. Conferences, seminars, cultural and educational meetings, exhibitions have become traditional activities. Celebrations may also contain master classes, demonstrations, games, discussions, Instalfests, during which experts will help you install and learn the FOS.
 
LLHOST INC. as well as Digital Freedom Foundation supports the distribution of educational content, including free software. Therefore, on Software Freedom Day, we are happy to keep the traditions of the holiday. Starting today and for two weeks (until September 30, 2022), our pleasure is to offer all our subscribers an -11% discount on all virtual (OVS) or VPN servers from LLHOST INC., which is valid for three months! How to get it, you may ask? It's simple: enter the promo code #softwarefreedomday in a special field when ordering any plan, and the discount will be applied automatically.
 
Celebrate Software Freedom Day with LLHOST INC.!


#27 LLHOST INC.

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Posted 26 September 2022 - 09:27 PM

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All about Remote Desktop.
 
Have you ever been in a situation where you needed files or programs from a computer that is currently at home or at work? Or the project you are working on was not available while you were in a business trip? All this can be avoided if you have a Remote Desktop. It allows you to connect to your work or personal computer from anywhere in the world and access the files stored on it, or remotely share the screen with friends and colleagues as if you were sitting right in front of it.
 
Remote Desktop is a technology that allows you to control a PC or server remotely via the Internet. The connection is implemented by assignment of the administrative rights of your device to be managed by others. The ability to connect from almost any device, be it a PC or laptop, tablet or smartphone, is available due to the fact that the remote server takes the entire workload. You do not overload your device with running processes, but simply get an image from the server screen and freely manage its system.
 
Remote desktop on a virtual server is necessary for both private use and business. So you have a connection to your home computer at any time and access to your files and soft anywhere. And if you have to work with resource-intensive soft such like video editing, 3D modeling programs or run a video game that your home PC cannot keep up, Remote Desktop can help solve this problem.
 
For any company, both large corporations and small businesses, it is a great opportunity to organize a remote workplace, allowing you to work from anywhere in the world, having access to corporate software on your work computer and work files. At the same time, all documentation is stored on one server, and access to it does not depend on the presence of the employee in charge in the office. You can perform all actions on a remote device: change software settings, share files, encrypt transferred data, hold conferences, connect webcams, remote projectors and other network devices. It is very important that you have possibility to assign employees access to certain folders.
 
There are two options for organizing remote access:
• Special programs that connect two workstations via the Internet. In this case, constant access to power and the Internet are essential.
• Server rental, in which operational activities are performed on a remote server of the hosting service provider (therefore, the requirements for your devices are minimal), and it is accessed via the Internet.
 
A remote desktop deployed on a virtual server has increased protection, while special programs, both free and with a purchased license, have an increased threat of hacking and unauthorized access to the local network.
 
Now let's talk more about the areas in which remote desktop on a virtual server has a distinct advantage:
 
Accounting.
It is well-known that the database should be stored within the company, not at an accountant's home. If you have ever lost your ledgers, or broke the contract with an accountant, then you understand how important is it. With a virtual server, you will always have access to accounting files.
 
Bank-clients.
For security purposes, some bank clients are linked to the certain IP address and can only be accessed from one device. Virtual servers from LLHOST INC. have dedicated static IP address, which means that your bank account is always available for operations.
 
Electronic archives.
Remote desktop for the documents' archives contributes to the centralized storage of huge amounts of information. It is great for monitoring, statistics and data management.
 
Exchange trading.
To keep the network delay to a minimum, the server with bots that buy and sell assets should be located closer to the data centers. For example, LLHOST INC. has a data center in Amsterdam. You connect to the remote desktop from your location, and the bots trade directly from Amsterdam.
 
Alternative OS.
Some tasks or software may require a different operating system than installed on your device. Virtual servers from LLHOST INC. are the easiest way to deploy it.
 
System administration.
To system administrators, in order to manage the system and quickly troubleshoot malfunctions, remote access is a must.
 
Educational platforms.
Distance education is widespread today. Remote desktop technology is actively used by modern educational platforms for remotely students' access.
 
Personal gaming server.
If you want to set up a server to play online with friends, remote desktop can help in that.
 
VPN as a Bonus.
You can also deploy your own VPN server based on a virtual server from LLHOST INC. which will be a nice bonus for you.
 
Remote Desktop is an essential technical tool in almost any area of life. It finds its application for both private and business use, being effective and secure.
 
So, today we offer you a -14% discount on any LLHOST INC. virtual server (OVS) plan for three months with the #remote promo code, valid until October 7, 2022. A remote desktop based on OVS from LLHOST INC. is the best prompt solution to boost the PC performance without any substantial investments.





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